Ground-dwelling vertebrates, birds, habitat data on the Willamette National Forest, Oregon (Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study), 1991-2012

  • Creator(s): Joan C. Hagar, Brenda C McComb
  • PI(s): Joan C. Hagar
  • Originator(s): Brenda C McComb
  • Other researcher(s): Tom Manning
  • Dates of data preparation: Oct 15 1991 - May 5 2012
  • Data collection status: Study collection is completed and no new collection is planned
  • Data access: Online
  • Last update: Oct 7 2011 (Version 9)
<Citation>     <Acknowledgement>     <Disclaimer>    
Hagar, J.; McComb, B. 2011. Ground-dwelling vertebrates, birds, habitat data on the Willamette National Forest, Oregon (Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study), 1991-2012. Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study. Forest Science Data Bank, Corvallis, OR. [Database]. Available: Accessed 2023-12-11.
Data sets were provided by the Forest Science Data Bank, a partnership between the Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University, and the U.S. Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station, Corvallis, Oregon.
While substantial efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of data and documentation, complete accuracy of data sets cannot be guaranteed. All data are made available "as is". The FSDB shall not be liable for damages resulting from any use or misinterpretation of data sets.

The US Forest Service (USFS), Pacific Northwest Research Station (PNW), and Oregon State University (OSU) established the Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study (YSTDS) in 1990 to demonstrate and test options for young stand management in western Oregon. The YSTDS is designed to determine if different thinning, underplanting, and snag creation treatments can accelerate the development of late-seral conditions in 35-50 year-old plantations.

The study was implemented on 4 replicate blocks, each consisting of an untreated Control stand and 1 each of the following stand-level thinning treatments: (1) a Light Thin treatment, approximating the timber industry standard, with about 260 residual trees per hectare (tph; 100/acre); (2) a Heavy Thin treatment leaving approximately 130 tph (50/acre) and underplanted with native conifer seedlings; and (3) a Light Thin with Gaps (hereafter simply “Gaps”) treatment, again with 260 tph plus an additional 20% of the stand area harvested to leave 0.2 ha (0.5-acre) openings underplanted with native conifer seedlings.

Pre-thinning baseline data (documenting vegetation, fungi, wildlife, and photopoints) were gathered in 1992-1994, and the thinning treatments were implemented through timber sale contracts from late 1994 through early 1997, with most logging occurring during 1995-96. During the thinning harvests, detailed analyses were carried out to examine pre-sale planning and layout costs, comparative productivity and costs of various harvesting alternatives, residual stand damage, and soil disturbance and compaction. A considerable body of publications on these operational aspects of the YSTDS constitutes one of the largest portions of the study’s results so far.

Much science has been accomplished in the 15 years since the YSTDS thinning treatments were installed. Vegetative response to the thinning has been measured at frequent intervals, in 1996, 1999, 2001, and 2006. Changes in volumes of coarse woody debris and the responses of fungi, arthropods, amphibians, birds, and small mammals have also been assessed, and are intended to continue into the future. Five years after thinning (2001), snag densities in the YSTDS were artificially increased by topping trees and inoculating some with fungal mycelia, in an effort to increase the abundance of dead trees for cavity-nesting birds and mammals; long-term monitoring of these artificial snags is underway. The study also included a social science component exploring the public’s response to visual changes in the forest from the thinning operations.

Study Description Study Site Map Taxonomic Hierarchy Download Study Location Information: (CSV)
Ecological Metadata Language: (EML)
1Small vertebrate captures (Oct 16 1991 - Nov 21 2008)METADATADATA
2Standing snags and down woody debris (Oct 16 1991 - Oct 16 1991)METADATADATA
3Subplot-level habitat data METADATADATA
4VCP bird detections METADATADATA
5Small vertebrate trap status (Oct 16 1991 - Nov 21 2008)METADATADATA
6Small vertebrate capture summary METADATADATA
7Stations with pitfall traps (1998-99) METADATADATA
8Number of transects(1998-99) METADATADATA
9Max number of stations per transect (1998-99) METADATADATA
10GPS coordinates of end points of transects on each stand METADATADATA
11Locations of Artificial Cover Objects (Oct 1 2008 - Oct 31 2008)METADATADATA
Locations of 48 ACO's placed Oct 2008
12Amphibian Capture Data from Artificial Cover Objects (Jun 26 2009 - Nov 5 2009)METADATADATA
Semi-annual capture data from ACO's starting June 2009
13Establishment of snag monitoring data (Aug 10 2009 - Nov 4 2009)METADATAData not online
Location and condition of snags created in 2001 by killing live trees.

 Ground-dwelling vertebrates, birds, habitat data on the Willamette National Forest, Oregon (Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study), 1991-2012 (WE008)

 Hagar, Joan, Howlin, Shay, Ganio, Lisa 2004, Short-term response of songbirds to experimental thinning of young Douglas-fir forests in the Oregon Cascades (Pub. No: 4523)
 Garman, Steven L. 2001, Response of ground-dwelling vertebrates to experimental levels of downed woody debris - Long-Term Ecosystem Productivity Study, Willamette National Forest (Pub. No: 3058)
 Garman, Steven L. 2000, Response of ground-dwelling vertebrates to thinning young stands: the Young Stand Thinning and Diversity Study (Pub. No: 2762)
 Garman, Steven L. 1999, Assessing potential development of snags - young stand thinning and diversity study (Pub. No: 2641)
 Garman, Steven L. 1998, Young stand thinning and diversity study: post-treatment assessment of ground-dwelling vertebrates (Pub. No: 2581)
 Hagar, Joan 1996, Pre-treatment analysis of wildlife - habitat relationships in young managed stands in the Oregon Cascade Range: young stand thinning and diversity monitoring project, wildlife pretreatment report (Pub. No: 2450)
 Hagar, Joan C. 1992, Bird communities in commercially thinned and unthinned Douglas-fir stands of western Oregon (Pub. No: 1043)
 Hunter, Matthew G. 2001, Management in young forests (Pub. No: 2869)
 Hunter, Matthew G. 1993, Young managed stands (Pub. No: 1441)